Calculating the average in Excel is a piece of cake once you get the hang of it. Basically, all you need to do is select the cells that contain the numbers you want to average, then use the AVERAGE function, and voila, you’ve got your average. It’s as simple as that!

## Step by Step Tutorial on How to Calculate Average in Excel

Before getting into the nitty-gritty, let’s understand what we’re about to do. We’ll be taking a bunch of numbers and finding out what their average is using Excel’s AVERAGE function. This can be super helpful when you need to figure out things like the average sales in a month, average test scores, and so on.

### Step 1: Select the Cells

Click and drag to highlight the cells that contain the numbers you want to average.

When you’re selecting the cells, make sure you don’t include any cells that don’t have numbers in them, as this could mess up your average.

### Step 2: Click on the Formulas Tab

Find the Formulas tab at the top of Excel and click on it.

This will open up a whole bunch of different options, but don’t get overwhelmed! We’re just looking for one thing here.

### Step 3: Find the AVERAGE Function

Look for the "More Functions" button, hover over it, and then click on "Statistical" in the dropdown. From there, click on "AVERAGE".

There might be a whole lot of different functions listed, but don’t worry, we’re only interested in the AVERAGE function for now.

### Step 4: Excel Inserts the AVERAGE Function

Excel will automatically insert the AVERAGE function into the formula bar with the cells you’ve selected.

You’ll see something that looks like =AVERAGE(A1:B5) in the formula bar, where A1:B5 represents the cells you’ve selected.

### Step 5: Press Enter

After Excel inserts the AVERAGE function, just press Enter, and the average will appear in the cell where you’ve entered the formula.

And that’s it! The cell where you entered the function will now show the average of the numbers you selected.

After completing these steps, the average of the selected numbers will appear in the cell where you typed the AVERAGE function. You can now use this average for whatever analysis or reporting you need to do.

## Tips for Calculating Average in Excel

- Make sure the cells you select only contain numbers, as text or empty cells can cause errors.
- You can also type the AVERAGE function manually into the formula bar if you prefer.
- If you need to average non-adjacent cells, you can type the cell references separated by commas within the parentheses of the AVERAGE function.
- Remember that the AVERAGE function will ignore logical values and text by default.
- Use the AVERAGEA function if you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in your average.

## Frequently Asked Questions

### Can I average cells with text in them?

No, the AVERAGE function will only work with cells that contain numbers. If you have text in the cells you’re trying to average, you’ll need to remove it or use a different function.

### What if I want to include zero values in my average?

Zero values in the cells are counted when calculating the average. However, blank cells are not considered.

### How do I average a range that includes errors?

If your range includes errors like #DIV/0!, you can use the AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS function to average the range while ignoring the errors.

### Can I average a range based on criteria?

Yes, you can use the AVERAGEIF or AVERAGEIFS functions to average cells based on specific criteria.

### Does it matter if my numbers are in different formats?

As long as Excel recognizes the cell content as numbers, the format (currency, percentage, etc.) doesn’t matter for the AVERAGE function to work.

## Summary

- Select the cells with the numbers.
- Click on the Formulas tab.
- Find and click on the AVERAGE function.
- Excel inserts the AVERAGE function.
- Press Enter to get the average.

## Conclusion

Calculating the average of a set of numbers is a fundamental skill for anyone working with Excel. Whether you’re a student, business analyst, or just someone who loves crunching numbers, knowing how to quickly and accurately find the average can save you a ton of time and effort. The steps mentioned above will guide you through the process seamlessly.

Remember, the key is to ensure your selected cells contain only numerical values for a precise average. Excel is an incredibly powerful tool with numerous functions to make your data analysis tasks simpler, and mastering the AVERAGE function is just the beginning. As you become more familiar with Excel, you’ll discover even more ways to manipulate, analyze, and present your data effectively.

So now that you know how to calculate the average in Excel, why not dive in and start experimenting with your datasets? Try out different functions, play with the data, and watch as Excel’s capabilities unfold before you. And if you ever get stuck, there are plenty of resources and communities online ready to help you out. Happy averaging!

Matthew Burleigh has been a freelance writer since the early 2000s. You can find his writing all over the Web, where his content has collectively been read millions of times.

Matthew received his Master’s degree in Computer Science, then spent over a decade as an IT consultant for small businesses before focusing on writing and website creation.

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